Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Battle of Passchendaele - World War I

The Battle of Passchendaele was fought July 31 to November 6, 1917, during World War I (1914-1918). Meeting at Chantilly, France, in November 1916, Allied leaders discussed plans for the upcoming year. Having fought bloody battles earlier that year at Verdun and the Somme, they decided to attack on multiple fronts in 1917 with the goal of overwhelming the Central Powers. Though British Prime Minister David Lloyd George advocated for shifting the main effort to the Italian Front, he was overruled as the French commander-in-chief, General Robert Nivelle, desired to launch an offensive in Aisne. Amid the discussions, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, pushed for an attack in Flanders. Talks continued into the winter and it was ultimately decided that the main Allied thrust would come in Aisne with the British conducting a supporting operation at Arras. Still eager to attack in Flanders, Haig secured Nivelles agreement that, should Aisne Offensive fail, he would be permitted to move forward in Belgium. Beginning in mid-April, Nivelles offensive proved a costly failure and was abandoned in early May. Allied Commanders Field Marshal Douglas HaigGeneral Hubert GoughGeneral Sir Herbert Plumer German Commander General Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin Haigs Plan With the French defeat and subsequent mutiny of their army, the onus for carrying the fight to the Germans in 1917 passed to the British. Moving forward with planning an offensive in Flanders, Haig sought to wear down the German army, which he believed was reaching a breaking point, and retake the Belgian ports that were supporting Germanys campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare. Planning to launch the offensive from the Ypres Salient, which had seen heavy fighting in 1914 and 1915, Haig intended to push across the Gheluvelt Plateau, take the village of Passchendaele, and then break through to open country. To pave the way for the Flanders offensive, Haig ordered General Herbert Plumer to capture Messines Ridge. Attacking on June 7, Plumers men won a stunning victory and carried the heights and some of the territory beyond. Seeking to capitalize on this success, Plumer advocated for immediately launching the main offensive, but Haig refused and delayed until July 31. On July 18, British artillery began a massive preliminary bombardment. Expending over 4.25 million shells, the bombardment alerted the German Fourth Armys commander, General Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin, that an attack was imminent. The British Attack At 3:50 AM on July 31, Allied forces began advancing behind a creeping barrage. The focus of the offensive was General Sir Hubert Goughs Fifth Army, which was supported to the south by Plumers Second Army and to the north by General Francois Anthoines French First Army. Attacking on an eleven-mile front, Allied forces had the most success in the north where the French and Goughs XIV Corps moved forward around 2,500-3,000 yards. To the south, attempts to drive east on the Menin Road were met with heavy resistance and gains were limited. A Grinding Battle Though Haigs men were penetrating the German defenses, they were quickly hampered by heavy rains which descended on the region. Turning the scarred landscape to mud, the situation was worsened as the preliminary bombardment had destroyed much of the areas drainage systems. As a result, the British were unable to press forward in force until August 16. Opening the Battle of Langemarck, British forces captured the village and surrounding area, but additional gains were small and casualties were high. To the south, II Corps continued to push on the Menin Road with minor success. Unhappy with Goughs progress, Haig switched the focus of the offensive south to Plumers Second Army and the southern part of Passchendaele Ridge. Opening the Battle of Menin Road on September 20, Plumer employed a series of limited attacks with the intention making small advances, consolidating, and then pushing forward again. In this grinding fashion, Plumers men were able to take the southern part of the ridge after the Battles of Polygon Wood (September 26) and Broodseinde (October 4). In the latter engagement, British forces captured 5,000 Germans, which led Haig to conclude that enemy resistance was faltering. Shifting the emphasis north, Haig directed Gough to strike at Poelcappelle on October 9. Attacking, Allied troops gained little ground, but suffered badly. Despite this, Haig ordered an assault on Passchendaele three days later. Slowed by mud and rain, the advance was turned back. Moving the Canadian Corps to the front, Haig began new attacks on Passchendaele on October 26. Conducting three operations, the Canadians finally secured the village on November 6 and cleared the high ground to the north four days later. Aftermath of the Battle Having taken Passchendaele, Haig elected to halt the offensive. Any further thoughts of pushing on were eliminated by the need to shift troops to Italy to aid in stemming the Austrian advance after their victory at the Battle of Caporetto. Having gained key ground around Ypres, Haig was able to claim success. Casualty numbers for the Battle of Passchendaele (also known as Third Ypres) are disputed. In the fighting British casualties may have ranged from 200,000 to 448,614, while Germany losses are computed at 260,400 to 400,000. A controversial topic, the Battle of Passchendaele has come to represent the bloody, attrition warfare that developed on the Western Front. In the years after the war, Haig was severely criticized by David Lloyd George and others for the small territorial gains that were made in exchange for massive troop losses. Conversely, the offensive relieved pressure on the French, whose army was being struck by mutinies, and inflicted large, irreplaceable losses on the German Army. Though Allied casualties were high, new American troops were beginning to arrive which would augment British and French forces. Though resources were limited due to the crisis in Italy, the British renewed operations on November 20 when they opened the Battle of Cambrai.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Graded Project Legal Writing 1 - 981 Words

Legal Writing 1 Graded Project LAW OFFICES of ELIZA SMITH and ASSOCIATES 5678 BARRISTER ROW CLARK, PENNSYLVANIA 18112 (771) 333-4444 FAX (771) 333-4445 February 28, 2005 Jane P. Smith 123 Rock Road Clark, Pennsylvania 18118 RE: TAX ASSESSORS’ OFFICE HEARING NOTICE for TAX APPEAL Dear Ms. Jane P. Smith, I am contacting you in regards to your tax appeal in conjunction with Tax Map No.: 19-19-050-019-8. Our office has received notice of your hearing March 6, 2005 @ 10:35 a.m. I have also enclosed the official notice that we have received from the tax assessors’ office. Attorney E. Smith has asked me to remind you to meet her in the lobby ten minutes prior to the scheduled hearing and please bring pictures of the homes†¦show more content†¦Containing approximately 86,000 square feet of land, more or less, and being the Southerly one-half of Lot numbered 198. Subject to all restrictions, reservations conditions and exceptions as set forth in deeds forming the chain of title. BEING the same premises conveyed to the Grantors herein by deed of Mo Wells, et al., dated May 3, 1964, and recorded in the Lackawanna County Recorder of Deeds in Deed Book 810 Page 233. Tax Map No. 19-19-050-019-8 And the said Grantor does hereby generally warrant the property hereby conveyed. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, said Grantors have hereunto set her hand and seal the day and year first above written. Signed, Sealed and Delivered Grantor: JANE P. SMITH in the Presence of: ADAM JONES JANE P. SMITH ADAM JONES SALLY JONES SALLYShow MoreRelatedEssay on Legal Writing Graded Project 11335 Words   |  6 PagesExercise 1 Law Offices of Eliza Smith and Associates 5678 Barrister Row Clark, Pennsylvania 18112 (771) 333-4444 Fax (771 333-4445 February 1, 2005 Jane P. Smith 123 Rock Road Clark, Pennsylvania 18118 RE: Tax appeal hearing Dear Ms. Jane Smith, This letter is to advise you that your tax appeal hearing is coming up on March 6, 2005 at 10:35 a.m. at the Office of the Tax Assessors of Lackawanna County. The office is located on the 5th floor of the County Office Building; 211Read MoreUnit 9 Assignment694 Words   |  3 PagesClick here to watch a presentation of the Case of Sarah. If you would like a transcript of the presentation, click here. Although Sarah may benefit from many different types of interventions, this project should focus on using group therapy to help Sarah. In your paper, you should address the following: 1. Why might you consider Sarah a good candidate for group counseling? What do you see as the potential advantages and disadvantages of such interaction for Sarah? 2. Describe the type of group thatRead MoreUnit 4 Project Advance Directives936 Words   |  4 PagesIn your project this week, you will explore advanced directives, torts and your role in healthcare while respecting patient’s rights. You will be evaluated on each project on the accuracy of your responses, the completeness of your responses, your ability to think critically about each situation and your overall writing ability. Your responses to the questions below should be constructed in complete sentences using proper grammar, spelling and punctuation. In addition to the grading standards foundRead MoreEssay about Csia 301 - Syllabus4668 Words   |  19 Pagesoperational security in relation to IT infrastructure identify common threats and attacks employed against web-accessible applications identify the security issues that must be addressed during application and system development Course Introduction 1 Foundations of Cybersecurity is the first course in the Bachelor of Science in cybersecurity program. Although it is an introductory course, it requires the prior completion of CMIS 102, a course in problem solving and algorithm design. In this courseRead MoreCmst 1021858 Words   |  8 PagesCOMM 102: Intro to Mass Communication   This course develops students’ ability to think critically about mass media. Media messages and images are examined, as well as the social, political, and historical significance of media. COURSE OBJECTIVES 1. To familiarize students with the core debates and theories in the interdisciplinary field of critical media studies and to provide a foundation that will prepare students for upper division level courses in critical media studies and critical mediaRead MoreDevry Busn 369 Entire Course and All Discussions- 2015 Spring2188 Words   |  9 PagesDevry BUSN 369 Entire Course And All Discussions- 2015 spring Project Not Include Final Course Project Report IF You Want To Purchase A+ Work then Click The Link Below For Instant Down Load http://www.hwspeed.com/Devry-BUSN-369-Entire-Course-And-All-Discussions-2015-spring-1111119025.htm?categoryId=-1 IF You Face Any Problem Then E Mail Us At JOHNMATE1122@GMAIL.COM Question week 1 Globalization While many domestic institutions play an important role in the globalization processRead MoreEssay on Business Admin2889 Words   |  12 Pageswill†¦ (BUAD 301) †¦ apply fundamental strategies and techniques of business communication to prepare business correspondence, reports and presentations †¦ increase their knowledge of organizational writing/communication in domestic and international markets. †¦ understand the characteristics of business writing style and the essentials of effective document design. †¦ critically assess, both individually and in groups, domestic and international business problems, formulate company objectives, and proposeRead MoreStylistic Variation1871 Words   |  8 Pagesparameters. Studying stylistic variation is the main focus of this project which is based on the observation that language variation depends not only on the social and geographic origin , position and trajectories of the speaker but it also varies according to the activity in which one is engaged in. Hopefully I have fulfilled the aims and objectives of this project in detail. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1] TO STUDY â€Å"WHAT IS LANGUAGE VARIATION?† 2] TO UNDERSTAND THE TYPES Read MoreProcurement Process4057 Words   |  17 PagesTABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦ 1 1.1 Procurement and supply chain process†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 2 1.2 What benefits does Procurement provide to Project Management?.. 3 2. SELECTION OF SUPPLIERS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 4 2.1 Identifying Potential Suppliers†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 5 2.2 Supplier Selection Method†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 6 3. CASE STUDY – NALEAP †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 8 3.1 Background †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MorePenn Foster Paralegal Ethics Graded Project2093 Words   |  9 PagesThinking Critically about Ethics- Graded Project- Paralegal Program Attorney Howe’s possible Ethical Violations: (MONDAY) Model Rule 5.5(B)- Attorney Howe, left a new hire, Carl, unattended, while also suggesting that he may conduct interviews in his office without specifying particulars regarding his presence or direct supervisory responsibilities. In hindsight, Attorney Howe could be indirectly contributing to the unauthorized practice of law due to his gross negligence to supervise his

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Aaliyah free essay sample

Saturday, August 25, I, along with many of my friends,was shocked to hear that one of our favorite singers was dead. Aaliyah Haughton,known by her first name, died in a plane crash on her way home from filming amusic video in the Bahamas. Aaliyah, whose name means highest, mostexalted one in Arabic, had just begun to scratch the surface of both hermusic and acting careers. She made her first album when she was just 15, and hersecond two years later. Both were certified platinum. Artists who knew hercouldnt help but recognize the amazing talent and beautiful spirit shepossessed. At 22, Aaliyah was already a Grammy-nominated singer and apromising actress. She made her film debut in Romeo Must Die with aperformance that gained her critical acclaim and sparked more actingopportunities, including her role in Anne Rices Queen of the Damnedand a proposal to appear in sequels to The Matrix. AlthoughAaliyah was young, she had made quite an impression on the music world in herseven years of performing. We will write a custom essay sample on Aaliyah or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Her charisma and humility were wonderful attributesfor a role model. On MTVs show Diary, Aaliyah said that whenher time came, she wanted people to think of her as an all-out entertainer,and a good person. Although too soon, I believe this wish was fulfilled.

Monday, April 13, 2020

Down These Mean Streets Essay Example

Down These Mean Streets Essay This book Down These Mean Streetsis a classic confessional autobiography. This book wasfirst published in 1967. It was written by Piri Thomas, he was a man of African descent living in Spanish Harlem. It relates how he was lost even within his own family and his identity through drugs, street fighting, and armed robbery, nearly becoming yet another statistic by the age of twenty two. In this book it tells all about the persons life. It tells how he has suffered through his life time, and what he has been through. He has been through alot, he has gone from his hometown in Harlem to Suburbia, Down South, Prison and the New York Town. It all started out being a child and he had done a few things that made his father hit him. He has been saying that Poppa wont hit me again. He lived in a town called Harlem. He was down by Park Avenue and Harlem Park Avenue, it was a scary place. Especially the dirty stone trestle of the New York Centralthat was right down the middle of the aven ue making long, sloomy tunnels at each street corner. He feared death. The reason he feared death was when he once had a bullythat lived by the gutter who was more dangerous than they knew him to be. His name was Dopey, he was a kid that always was drooling at his mouth. One day someone had told him to drink dirty street water and that set him off to the City Hospital. Then the next time they saw Dopey was when he was changed, he did not look droopy at all, he looked like an ordinary person except dead. They traveled alot they were at on 114th street where all Puerto Ricans lived, then to 104th street between Lex and Park Avenue. He lived in apartment 109. He went to a school named Patrick Henry. Strange eyes followed him going to that school, it was a man known as Waneko. This man Waneko was more like a gangster, he had border lines on blocks which separated other pe

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Free Essays on Honey It Broke

would change everything about my seemingly normal life. Imagine being seventeen a senior in high school, co-captain on the cheerleading squad, starter, and all district player on both the basketball and volleyball teams. When I was in high school, I had the same goals and expectations as most of my peers. Go to college, get a degree, get a good job, eventually get married, and start a family. I never dreamed that I would be starting a family at seventeen. I could only think of one other girl that got pregnant in high school and everyone made her life a living hell. I was not going to go through that. So, I made the only logical decision I could think of at the time. I would have an abortion. Seems easy, right? A few phone calls were made and the appointment was set up. Of course, I discussed this decision with the â€Å"sperm donor†. He was against the idea but said he would support me in whatever decision I made. I decided to have the abortion during my Thanksgiving break so everything would be fine by the time my basketball tournament rolled around. In my mind I thought it would be this easy. I was not worried about the pain and even the emotional turmoil I might experience after. I just wanted things back to how they were. One night, I was looking through some brochures the doctor had given me. It was literature on the development of a fetus in different stages. It was then and there that I knew I could not go through with the abortion. The idea of killing this small child growing inside me was more than I could cope with. I knew no matter how difficult, I had to deal with what had happened. Havi... Free Essays on Honey It Broke Free Essays on Honey It Broke â€Å"Honey, it broke!† I found out I was pregnant just three days shy of my eighteenth birthday. It all began with the words, â€Å"Honey, it broke†. Not exactly the most romantic words that have ever been said to me. A simple, â€Å"That was great†, would have been just fine. Little did I know those three words would change everything about my seemingly normal life. Imagine being seventeen a senior in high school, co-captain on the cheerleading squad, starter, and all district player on both the basketball and volleyball teams. When I was in high school, I had the same goals and expectations as most of my peers. Go to college, get a degree, get a good job, eventually get married, and start a family. I never dreamed that I would be starting a family at seventeen. I could only think of one other girl that got pregnant in high school and everyone made her life a living hell. I was not going to go through that. So, I made the only logical decision I could think of at the time. I would have an abortion. Seems easy, right? A few phone calls were made and the appointment was set up. Of course, I discussed this decision with the â€Å"sperm donor†. He was against the idea but said he would support me in whatever decision I made. I decided to have the abortion during my Thanksgiving break so everything would be fine by the time my basketball tournament rolled around. In my mind I thought it would be this easy. I was not worried about the pain and even the emotional turmoil I might experience after. I just wanted things back to how they were. One night, I was looking through some brochures the doctor had given me. It was literature on the development of a fetus in different stages. It was then and there that I knew I could not go through with the abortion. The idea of killing this small child growing inside me was more than I could cope with. I knew no matter how difficult, I had to deal with what had happened. Havi...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Discuss two or three texts which explore the idea that gender roles Essay

Discuss two or three texts which explore the idea that gender roles are performative rather than innate. Discuss with reference - Essay Example Socially accepted mannerisms and functions are them critiqued through frameworks of understanding that are at once rebellious and radical. These texts open up new ways of understanding the gender relations that exist in patriarchal societies and the influences that such societies have on the people who are a part of such societies. The texts also open up the possibilities for social theorists to understand the ways in which society as a whole is complicit in the victimization of women. The victim’s complicity is also often explored and this results in a better understanding of how the power structures that area associated with patriarchy are able to stifle women’s roles without any voice of dissent making itself known or heard. Film theorists have often been able to locate such discrepancies in the society that is modern and yet patriarchal; they have also been able to locate better the performative aspect of gender because of the very nature of film as a medium. The Gr eat Gatsby is an important example of gender relations in the American society during the 1920s. This was an era when there was a great emphasis on the improvement of the economy and speculative investments were on the rise during this era. As a result of this, there were a large number of people who were extremely wealthy and held a great number of very lavish parties. Jay Gatsby is one such person. His source of income is very mysterious. What the reader knows of Jay Gatsby is what he chooses to tell the narrator Nick. As a result of this, the reader has no option but to accept the version of Gatsby. This passage makes this very clear- The truth was that Jay Gatsby, of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God—a phrase which, if it means anything, means just that—and he must be about His Father’s business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty. So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a s eventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end (Fitzgerald 1995, 16). The idea of inventing for oneself the kind of identity that was in vogue during the twenties is what Gatsby does. What he does is informed by the gender codes of the time and he is able to successfully inhabit such a role. This makes him a successful person for those who are around him. To inhabit a gender role is thus, what makes a person successful in a patriarchal society according to Fitzgerald. This inhabitation of gender roles can also be seen in the women characters of the novel. For instance, the extreme femininity of Daisy is what makes her attractive to the two men who are in love with her. Her rejection of the gender roles that are prescribed then makes room for turmoil and tension within the novel, the kind of tension that finally leads Gatsby to his death. Tom is another character who chooses to inhabit a space that has been socially prescribed. He p lays out an older form of masculinity. According to this role, he is physically strong and is also the provider of the family. Such ideas of gender, according to feminists like Simone de Beauvoir are based on the idea that gender roles are based on the sex of a person. Such roles are then sanctioned by the society and this leads to them being set